Interior design is the art and
science of enhancing the interior of a building to achieve a healthier and more
aesthetically pleasing environment for the people using the space.
An interior designer is someone who plans,
researches, coordinates, and manages such projects.
Interior design is a
multifaceted profession that includes conceptual development, space planning,
site inspections, programming, research, communicating with the stakeholders of
a project, construction management, and execution of the design.
In the past,
interiors were put together instinctively as a part of the process of building.
The profession of interior design has been a consequence of the
development of society and the complex architecture that has resulted from the
development of industrial processes.
The pursuit of
effective use of space, user well-being and functional design has contributed
to the development of the contemporary interior design profession.
of interior design is separate and distinct from the role of interior decorator, a term commonly used
in the US. The term is less common in the UK, where the profession of interior
design is still unregulated and therefore, strictly speaking, not yet
officially a profession.
India, architects used to work as interior designers. This can be seen from the
references of Vishwakarma the architect - one of the gods in Indian mythology.
the sculptures depicting ancient texts and events are seen in palaces built in
17th-century India. In medieval times wall art paintings in India have been a
common feature of palace like mansions commonly known as havelis.
traditional homes are done away with modern buildings, there are around 2000
Egypt, "soul houses" or models of houses were placed in tombs as
receptacles for food offerings. From these, it is possible to discern details
about the interior design of different residences throughout the different
Egyptian dynasties, such as changes in ventilation, porticoes, columns,
loggias, windows, and doors.
17th and 18th century and into the early 19th century, interior decoration was
the concern of the homemaker, or an employed upholsterer or craftsman who would
advise on the artistic style for an interior space.
Architects would also employ craftsmen or artisans to complete interior
design for their buildings.